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Timeline: What happened when?

11:30 am

Thousands of members of the All Lewisham Campaign Against Racism and Fascism (ALCARAF) representing more than 80 organisations gather in the rain in Ladywell Fields near Ladywell station. They hear speeches by the Mayor of Lewisham, the Bishop of Southwark and the exiled Bishop of Namibia.

The Bishop of Southwark, Mervyn Stockwood, at the ALCARAF Rally, the Major of Lewisham behind (© Chris Schwarz)

The Bishop of Southwark, Mervyn Stockwood, at the ALCARAF Rally, the Major of Lewisham behind (© Chris Schwarz)

11:55 am

Led by a truck featuring a steel band, the ALCARAF march sets off down Ladywell Road and onto Lewisham High Street.

12:10 pm

Police clash with Socialist Workers Party counter protestors as they are evicted from a derelict shop on New Cross Road facing Clifton Rise.

Police attempting to clear anti-racist protestors from Clifton Rise, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Peter Marlow)

Police attempting to clear anti-racist protestors from Clifton Rise, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Peter Marlow)

12:45 pm

Police divert the ALCARF march from its agreed route to New Cross at the junction of Loampit Hill and Algernon Road, despite formal appeals from The Mayor of Lewisham to the police commander.

1:00 pm

The ALCARAF march disbands, although hundreds find their way to New Cross through the many back streets.

1:30 pm

The National Front begin to assemble behind police lines in Achilles Street off New Cross Road, which is thronged with thousands of counter protestors.

The National Front March, Lewisham, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Chris Steele-Perkins)

The National Front March, Lewisham, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Chris Steele-Perkins)

2:00 pm

Police attempt to forcibly clear the counter protestors from Clifton Rise. Orange smoke bombs are thrown as the area descends into chaos and violence, while the Bishop of Southwark leads a church service against racism at St Stephens Church, Lewisham.

Anti-racists block the route of the NF march, New Cross Road, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Paul Trevor)

Anti-racists block the route of the NF march, New Cross Road, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Paul Trevor)

2:06 pm

Counter protestors drive mounted police from New Cross Road with a ferocious bombardment of bottles, cans and half-bricks. Two mounted policemen are dragged from their horses.

2:20 pm

Police armed with truncheons clear New Cross Road and Clifton Rise of counter protestors, with witnesses describing serious injuries.

Arrest of an anti-racist protestor, New Cross Road, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Chris Schwarz)

Arrest of an anti-racist protestor, New Cross Road, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Chris Schwarz)

3:00 pm

With the counter protestors momentarily dispersed, police begin to escort the National Front march out of Achilles Street, up Pagnell Street and onto New Cross Road. Estimates of NF marchers range from 600 to 1000.

Anti-racists capture NF union flag (© Peter Marlow)

Anti-racists capture NF union flag (© Peter Marlow)

The NF march is met with a hail of missiles from counter protestors and local householders overlooking the route. Counter protestors break through the ring of police and clash with the NF.

Anti-racist (left) fends off attack from NF supporters, Clifton Rise, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Peter Marlow)

Anti-racist (left) fends off attack from NF supporters, Clifton Rise, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Peter Marlow)

Police separate the NF march and counter protestors, and mounted police lead the march through empty streets towards Lewisham town centre. While small groups attack the NF march from side streets, large numbers of counter protestors block the march from entering Lewisham High Street, where clashes intensify.

National Front lines broken by anti-racists, New Cross Road, 13 Aug 1977 (© Peter Marlow)

National Front lines broken by anti-racists, New Cross Road, 13 Aug 1977 (© Peter Marlow)

National Front attack anti-racists, New Cross Road, 13 Aug 1977 (© Peter Marlow)

National Front attack anti-racists, New Cross Road, 13 Aug 1977 (© Peter Marlow)

Unable to reach the town centre, the NF hold a rally in a car park in Conington Road, before being led by police to waiting trains at Lewisham station.

Clashes between police and anti-racists, Lewisham Way, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Ray Rising)

Clashes between police and anti-racists, Lewisham Way, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Ray Rising)

Anticipating renewed efforts by the NF march to reach the town centre, counter protestors fortify the entrance to Lewisham High Street by the clock tower. In response, police use riot shields for the very first time on the British mainlined to disperse the crowd towards Catford.

Met. Police use riot shields in public for the first time on the British mainland, Lewisham Way, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Mike Abrahams)

Met. Police use riot shields in public for the first time on the British mainland, Lewisham Way, 13 Aug. 1977 (© Mike Abrahams)

A police van is smashed and part of the crowd attempts to surround Ladywell Police Station. Shop windows are smashed as a riot breaks out.

5.00 pm

An uneasy calm settles over Lewisham on a day that saw 214 people arrested and at least 111 injured.

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